Thursday, October 30, 2014
Tuesday, October 21, 2014
Tuesday, October 14, 2014
|Ammonite shells are some of the most popular fossils for collectors. For a link that shows representative pictures of ammonites, click HERE. Ammonites were cephalopods (e.g., squids and octopus) that resemble the modern-day Nautilus. Like Nautilus, ammonites have curved partitions (septa), which divide the shell into chambers. The lines (sutures), which formed where the septa made contact with the inside wall of the shell, consist of distinctive curves that characterize different groups of ammonites. Sutures are only visible when the outer wall is removed or has been nearly stripped away.|
Ammonite sutures gradually changed (see diagram above) during the 250 million years through which they ranged; namely, from the Middle Paleozoic (Devonian Period) to the end of the Mesozoic (Cretaceous Period) (see diagram below).
The gonitatic shells were the earliest (oldest) and the most simple; the ceratitic shells were intermediate in age and complexity; the ammonitic shells were the latest (youngest) and the most complex. The following pictures show a representative specimen for each type of sutures.
|This is an example of deeply undulating goniatitic sutures. It is a partial specimen of Gonioloboceras coniolobum of Late Paleozoic (Pennsylvanian) age from Texas. The maximum dimension of this specimen is 6 cm.|
|This is questionably a specimen of Uddenoceras of Late Paleozoic age. It is an example of ceratitic sutures. The maximum dimension is 9 cm.|